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Sodium Gluconate: A Comprehensive Overview

  • Sodium gluconate is a sodium salt of gluconic acid with the formula C₆H₁₁NaO₇.
  • Derived from the fermentation of glucose, found in many plants.
  • Produced through aerobic fermentation of glucose by bacteria or fungi.
  • Used in cleaning products and construction for its chelating properties.
  • Non-toxic, biodegradable, and environmentally friendly.

What is Sodium Gluconate?

Sodium gluconate is a sodium salt of gluconic acid, commonly used as a chelating agent. It is a white, crystalline powder with the chemical formula C₆H₁₁NaO₇.

Sources of Sodium Gluconate

Natural Sources

Sodium gluconate can be derived from the fermentation of glucose, a naturally occurring sugar found in many plants.

Industrial Production

Commercially, sodium gluconate is produced through the aerobic fermentation of glucose by specific strains of bacteria or fungi.

Uses of Sodium Gluconate

Cleaning Products

It is used in cleaning products for its ability to bind to metal ions, making it effective in removing limescale and other mineral deposits.

Construction Industry

In the construction industry, sodium gluconate is used as a concrete admixture to improve workability and extend the setting time of concrete.

Benefits of Sodium Gluconate

Non-Toxic and Biodegradable

Sodium gluconate is non-toxic and biodegradable, making it an environmentally friendly choice for various applications.

Effective Chelating Agent

Its strong chelating properties make it effective in binding metal ions, enhancing the cleaning power of detergents and other cleaning products.

Potential Side Effects

Sodium gluconate is generally safe and well-tolerated. However, like any chemical, it should be handled according to safety guidelines to avoid any potential irritation or allergic reactions.


Sodium gluconate is a versatile and eco-friendly ingredient used in cleaning and construction industries. Its non-toxic nature and effective chelating properties make it a valuable addition to various products.

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